Cerebral Palsy in Premature Infants and Children
Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most common causes of chronic childhood
disability, with a frequency of 1.4-2.7% of live births. The prevalence
of cerebral palsy has remained very stable for many years at this percentage.
While the improved survival of extremely preterm infants may result in
an increasing number of children with cerebral palsy, preemies constitute
a small minority of the overall number of disabled children. About 10%
of preemies born at less than 1000 grams will eventually be diagnosed
with cerebral palsy. Estimates range from 17-60% of CP cases that have
no known perinatal or neonatal etiology.
© 1998, 2001 Copyright Dr. Sheena L. Carter
Sheena L. Carter, Ph.D. is an applied developmental psychologist specializing in infant development. She is an assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, with Emory School of Medicine in Atlanta, Georgia. She is part of a multidisciplinary team which provides developmental follow-up services to high risk children served by the Emory Regional Perinatal Center. Visit their website at http://www.emory.edu/PEDS/ for more information on prematurity and long term impacts.
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